Michael Gray, CPA's Tax and Business Insight

April 9, 2010

© 2010 by Michael C. Gray

ISSN 1539-395X

A monthly report to help you prepare for your financial future, keep more of what you earn by minimizing your taxes, and build an extraordinary business!

Route to _______   _______   _______   _______   _______

(If you find this information valuable, please pass it on to a friend!)

Table of Contents

Janet Gray, Clive Baker and Holly Baker at Easter 2010
Happy Easter! My wife, Janet Gray, grandson, Clive Baker, and daughter, Holly Baker.

Only 6 days left in tax season! Time to think about extensions.

There isn’t enough time left to give preparing tax returns the attention they deserve, but we can help a few more new clients with extensions and finish their returns later. To make an appointment, please call Dawn Siemer on Monday, Wednesday or Friday at 408-918-3162.

Return to Table of Contents

April family celebrations.

April is a big birthday month for my family. My daughter, Dawn Siemer, her husband, John, and daughter, Kara, all celebrate birthdays very close together. Kara will be celebrating her third birthday. My mother, Eleanor Gray, is celebrating her 88th birthday. Thank God she is still fairly healthy and thinking clearly. With the end of tax season, Easter and birthday celebrations, it’s going to be a busy month.

Return to Table of Contents

My sister passes away.

My sister, Virginia Allison, passed away at age 66 last Friday, April 2, after a long fight with cancer. She had a pretty good quality of life until the last year, and was planning to go to Disneyland with my niece’s family last November, but her health failed and she just couldn’t make it. She will be sorely missed. She was married since her teens to her husband Wade. They had three children, two living, and four grandchildren who adored her. We will all miss her very much.

Return to Table of Contents

Extensions - and when you don't have the money to pay the tax.

(This is a reprint from past newsletters.)

What do you do when you don't have the money to pay the tax?

My first recommendation is to file your income tax returns, certified mail, by the initial filing date. One of the nastiest penalties in the IRS's arsenal is for late filing - 5% per month to a maximum of 25%. Some people who owe money don't file their returns because they are afraid. THIS IS A HUGE MISTAKE! The best approach is to be honest about your situation and work with the tax authorities to resolve it.

When you file an extension, any balance of tax due when the tax return is filed represents an exposure for the late filing penalty.

Please don't misunderstand me. I regularly use extensions for my clients and myself as a workload "safety valve." We often don't have the information to complete a return by the due date. They just aren't appropriate when there will be a significant balance due that won't be paid by the original filing due date.

Remember the automatic extension of time to file for 2009 individual income tax returns is for six months to October 15, 2010.

Remember to state a good (high side) estimate of total tax liability for 2009 on line 4 of federal Form 4868 or the extension will be invalid. According to the Treasury regulations for the requirements to file a valid automatic extension request, "an application for extension must show the full amount properly estimated as tax for the taxable year." (Reg. § 1.6081-4(a)(4).) The regulations relating to reasonable cause for failure to file a tax return state that if a taxpayer satisfies the requirement of showing the full amount estimated as tax, the taxpayer has a reasonable cause for failure to file during the extension period provided (1) the excess of the amount of tax shown on the return over the amount of tax paid by the original filing date (including the amount paid with the extension form) is no greater than 10 percent of the amount shown on the return (restated, 90% of the tax is paid by the due date), and (2) any balance due shown on the return is paid with the return. (Reg. § 301.6651-1(c)(3).)

(For California taxpayers, the extension is paperless so the amount of the tax need not be stated. You are still required to pay at least 90% of the tax by the original due date with Form FTB 3519 to avoid the late filing penalty.)

If you have filed an income tax return for 2008, you can process your federal extension electronically (using tax return preparation software or through a tax return preparer). If you make a tax payment using a credit card, you can extend your income tax return by calling 888-729-1040 or 800-272-9829 by April 15. (For California extension payments, the extension is 1555.) Better call early to beat the rush! Mailing a paper form is still acceptable and is the only way a person who didn't file a 2008 income tax return can request an automatic extension.

You can also make a credit card payment online at www.pay1040.com or www.officialpayments.com. California also has a web payment option at www.ftb.ca.gov.

A taxpayer can still avoid the late filing penalty by demonstrating a "reasonable cause," but this can be a hassle and the taxpayer is at the mercy of the subjective judgment of a representative of the tax authority.

Should you borrow using a margin account? In most cases, this is not a good choice because of the exposure to margin calls if the market declines.

Should you use an equity advance loan, secured by your principal residence? In some cases it might be to your advantage, if you can get a favorable interest rate. Remember that interest for an equity loan not used for a home improvement is only deductible on a loan amount up to $100,000. This interest is not deductible when computing the alternative minimum tax.

Remember that IRA accounts and even other retirement accounts can be temporary sources of funds. Distributions from IRAs that aren't minimum required distributions can be rolled over to another IRA or returned to the same IRA within 60 days after a withdrawal. This exception only applies to one rollover per year. (You must wait more than one year after a rollover is completed before making another one.)1

Certain distributions from other qualified plans can also be rolled over within a 60-day period to an IRA or another qualified plan.2 Using IRAs or qualified plans as a temporary source of funds to pay taxes can be useful if the funds to complete the rollover will soon be available, such as when there is a lockout "window" that will soon be open. The cost of an error can be high, because if the rollover isn't completed before 60 days have expired, the distribution may be subject to tax as ordinary income plus a 10% early distribution penalty.3

The IRS has a form for installment agreements, Form 9465. They would prefer that you submit the form with your income tax return. You can take up to five years to pay off your tax liability. An advantage of arranging an installment agreement is the penalty for late payment of tax is reduced from 1/2% per month to 1/4% per month. In addition to penalties, interest is charged for late tax payments. The interest rate is adjusted quarterly. Recently, the rate has been eight percent.

Another alternative is to make an Offer in Compromise, Form 656. With this procedure, the IRS actually can reduce your tax based on your ability to pay. You don't have to wait until you have owed the tax a long time to use this procedure. I think it's best to work with an attorney, CPA or enrolled agent when making an Offer in Compromise. If the amount is large, an attorney is probably the best choice. (This may be an exercise in futility. The IRS has recently been rejecting almost all offers. You are required to make a non-refundable deposit of 20% of the compromised tax in most circumstances. It’s sad, because taxpayers really need this relief.)

Although it may provide relief from your other creditors, bankruptcy doesn't offer much help for recent debts for income taxes. When you make payments on your tax bill, be sure to specify to apply the payments to taxes due. Penalties and interest are dischargeable in bankruptcy, but income taxes aren't.

It may be to your advantage to plan how to use regular tax or alternative minimum tax capital loss carryovers or minimum tax credit carryovers. You might need to generate capital gains, which can be difficult when you're in financial distress.

Return to Table of Contents

What to do when your state is holding refunds.

Some states, such as Hawaii, are holding refunds due to the current cash crunch. Consider making an arrangement to apply the overpayment to next year’s estimated tax and reduce your withholding at work or next year’s estimated tax payments.

Return to Table of Contents

First individual estimated tax payment is due April 15.

(This is a reprint from past newsletters.)

Remember to review your estimated tax situation for 2010.

There is no estimated tax penalty provided the taxpayer pays at least 90% of the tax (including AMT) on the current year's tax return through withholding and/or equal quarterly estimated tax payments.

For taxpayers who have no more than $150,000 of adjusted gross income ($75,000 for married persons, filing separately) on the previous year's income tax return, there is no penalty for underpayment of estimated tax provided at least the income tax on the previous year's income tax return (including AMT) is paid in equal quarterly estimated tax payments plus withholding.4 For taxpayers who have more than $150,000 of adjusted gross income ($75,000 for married persons, filing separately) on the previous year's income tax return, there is no penalty for underpayment of estimated tax provided at least, for 2010, 110% of the income tax on the previous year's income tax return (including AMT) is paid in equal quarterly estimated tax payments plus withholding.5

Remember California now requires 30% of the estimated tax liability to be paid for the first quarter of 2010, 40% for the second quarter, none for the third quarter and 30% for the fourth quarter.

Taxpayers who have uneven income and deductions may also compute their estimated tax on an "annualized" basis. You multiply the year to date income and deductions to arrive at amounts for a year, compute the tax for that amount, then pay federal amounts to cumulatively pay in 1/4, 1/2, 3/4 and 100% of those amounts. You should probably get help from a professional tax return preparer to do this. (California wants cumulative amounts of 30%, 70%, 70% and 100%.)

Return to Table of Contents

First calendar corporation estimated tax payment is due April 15.

Calendar-year Corporations almost always have to pay the minimum California tax payment of $800 by April 15, 2010. In addition, regular corporations have federal and California estimated tax payments due on that date. The estimated tax payments may be based on the income tax on last year’s income tax returns, provided there was a tax on the return. If there was no tax, the estimated tax must be computed based on the current year’s income. Corporations that had taxable income exceeding $1 million in any of the last three years may only base their first estimated tax payment on last year’s income tax returns; the rest must be based on the current year’s income.

Return to Table of Contents

Last chance to make an IRA or Roth contribution for 2009.

Remember the final due date for IRA and Roth contributions for 2009 is April 15, 2010. We don’t think making an election to have a tax overpayment deposited to an IRA or Roth account is a good idea for income tax returns filed during the last two weeks of tax season. It’s too easy for a refund to be delayed past the due date.

Return to Table of Contents

Remember second California real estate tax payment is due April 10.

With the income tax deadline, most of us are focused on April 15, but the second California real estate tax payment is due April 10, and there is a nasty penalty for a late payment. Consider yourself reminded!

Return to Table of Contents

First time homebuyer credit expires April 30.

Remember that the federal First-Time Homebuyer Credit is scheduled to expire April 30, 2010. The credit actually applies to a closing date of June 30, 2010 provided the contract of sale is in place by April 30. Individuals who owned a home for five of the last eight years are also eligible for a credit. For details go to www.realestateinvestingtax.com/first.shtml.

Return to Table of Contents

California adopts tax credits for home purchases.

California has enacted AB 183, which includes tax credits for first-time homebuyers and taxpayers buying homes that have never been occupied. The credits are the lesser of 5% of the purchase price or $10,000. The credit applies for taxpayers who purchase a "qualified principal residence" on or after May 1, 2010 and before January 1, 2011. The credit will also apply if a contract is in effect on or after May 1, 2010 and before January 1, 2011, provided the sale is completed by August 1, 2011.

It’s possible for both the federal credit and a California credit to apply to the same home purchase.

The credit applies over a three-year period, beginning with the year in which the qualified principal residence is purchased.

Each credit has a $100 million limit for the state, and will be awarded to taxpayers on a first-come, first-served basis. (You have to apply for the credit before you file your income tax returns.)

The credits are not refundable, do not reduce AMT, and can’t be carried over.

(Spidell Publishing Flash E-Mail March 24, 2010.)

Return to Table of Contents

Health Care Reform includes tax changes.

As you know, Congress has passed and President Obama has approved significant health care reform legislation. There are a number of tax provisions in the legislation that I don’t have time to discuss in detail.

Return to Table of Contents

Jobs Act includes tax changes.

President Obama signed the Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment Act on March 18. The Act includes some important tax incentives.

Return to Table of Contents

Financial Insider Weekly broadcast schedule for April and May.

Financial Insider Weekly is broadcast in San Jose and Campbell on Wednesdays at 4:30 p.m., Pacific Time. You can watch it on Comcast channel 15 for those cities. The show is broadcast as streaming video at the same time at www.creatvsj.org.

Here are the scheduled interviews for April and May:

April 14, Lori Greymont of Summit Solutions Team Corp., "Real estate investment strategies I"
April 21, Lori Greymont of Summit Solutions Team Corp, "Real estate investment strategies II"
April 28, James Quillinan, Esq. of Hopkins & Carley, "Tax planning and compliance issues of federal estate tax repeal for 2010".(Note schedule change!)
May 5, James Quillinan, Esq. of Hopkins & Carley, "California real estate change of ownership rules in estate and business planning"
May 12, Don Pollard of Advanced Professionals, "What Federal Health Care Reform means for you"
May 19, Don Pollard of Advanced Professionals, "Medical insurance alternatives"
May 25, To be announced

Financial Insider Weekly is also broadcast as follows:

Past episodes of Financial Insider Weekly are posted on YouTube. One way to watch them is to go to our web site, www.financialinsiderweekly.com, and click on "Past Episodes."

Let me know any ideas that you have for topics or guests. Guests will usually have to be located in or near the Silicon Valley in California.

Hope you can watch or record the show. Please tell your friends about it!

Return to Table of Contents

Questions and Answers

Michael Gray regrets he can no longer personally answer email questions. He will answer selected questions in this newsletter.

For your questions about dependent exemptions, see IRS Publication 501 at www.irs.gov.

Question

If you are an employee for a construction company and you are sent to different "temporary work location" job sites daily, can you deduct the mileage from your home to the work location? Does the "shop/office" qualify as a permanent work base even though you never actually report to the shop/office?

Is a 60-mile commute each way outside your "metrpolitan area"?

Answer

It sounds like you are referring to Publication 463, page 14, which is a good reference. (You can get it at the IRS web site, www.irs.gov.)

If you never go to the shop or office, I suggest that you don’t have a regular place of work. See the section on "no regular place of work."

You can deduct the cost of transportation between your home and a temporary work site outside your metropolitan area.

The metropolitan area includes the area within the city limits and the suburbs that are considered part of that metropolitan area. That is a question of fact for different communities. The Los Angeles metropolitan area is much larger than that for Modesto. You might try asking the city offices for your city about the boundaries for its metropolitan area.

Question

Please explain the exclusion for gifts to a child. Is it an income tax exclusion?

Answer

No. True gifts without a business connection aren’t subject to income tax. There is a separate federal gift tax, and some states may also have gift taxes. For 2009 and 2010, up to $13,000 of gifts to each individual from each individual are exempt from gift tax so you and your spouse can each give up to $13,000 to a child each year. The gift must be a "present interest," such as a cash gift to uniform "gifts to minors" account.

There is a lifetime exemption equivalent of up to $1 million of taxable gifts, so most people don’t pay gift taxes for lifetime transfers. A gift tax return is supposed to be filed by April 15 of the next year when a taxable transfer is made.


Return to Table of Contents

Visit our new article!

Return to Table of Contents

Follow me on Twitter!

If you enjoy Twitter, please follow me at www.twitter.com/michaelgraycpa. I would especially appreciate retweets of our messages announcing episodes of Financial Insider Weekly.

Return to Table of Contents

I'm also on Facebook and LinkedIn.

you can also follow me on other social media sites, Facebook and LinkedIn.

Return to Table of Contents

If you have employee stock options, have you subscribed to Michael Gray, CPA's Option Alert at no charge or obligation?

To learn more, visit stockoptionadvisors.com/subscribe.shtml

Return to Table of Contents

Real estate investors, have you subscribed to Michael Gray, CPA’s Real Estate Tax Letter at no charge or obligation?

For details, visit www.realestatetaxletter.com

Return to Table of Contents

Check out my blog.

I have also started a blog at www.michaelgraycpa.com. Check it out!

Return to Table of Contents

P.S.

My daughter and her husband, Holly and Dan Baker, have a Southern French Restaurant at 23 Ross Common, Ross, California, about 15 minutes north of the Golden Gate Bridge. The name of the restaurant is Marché Aux Fleurs and their website address is marcheauxfleursrestaurant.com. For the best meal of your life, call 415-925-9200 for a reservation and give them a try! For directions, visit our website at www.taxtrimmers.com/directions.shtml.

Return to Table of Contents

IRS Circular 230 Disclosure: As required by U.S. Treasury Regulations, you are hereby advised that any written tax advice contained in this communication was not written or intended to be used (and cannot be used) by any taxpayer for the purpose of avoiding penalties that may be imposed under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code.

Return to Table of Contents

P.S. My daughter and her husband, Holly and Dan Baker, have a Southern French Restaurant at 23 Ross Common, Ross, California, about 15 minutes north of the Golden Gate Bridge. The name of the restaurant is Marché Aux Fleurs and their website address is marcheauxfleursrestaurant.com. For the best meal of your life, call 415-925-9200 for a reservation and give them a try! For directions, visit our website at taxtrimmers.com/directions.shtml.


1 Internal Revenue Code § 408(c)(3) RETURN
2 Internal Revenue Code § 402(c) RETURN
3 Internal Revenue Code § 72(t) RETURN
4 Internal Revenue Code § 6654(d)(1) RETURN
5 Internal Revenue Code § 6654(d)(1)(C) RETURN


Home    Newsletter Archive    Introducing Michael Gray, CPA    Articles    Tax FAQ   Need Help?    Other Links


Michael Gray, CPA
2190 Stokes St. Ste. 102
San Jose, CA 95128
(408) 918-3162
FAX: (408) 998-2766
Hours: 8am - 5pm PDT Monday - Friday

Find us on Facebook
Follow me on Twitter
Connect on LinkedIn
Connect on Google+
Our Blog

Sign up for our free monthly newsletter,
Tax & Business Insight,
for the latest tax news!

subscribe html
unsubscribe text only

We respect your email privacy!